The effective operation of all of your body’s key systems depends on water. Your body needs water to regulate body temperature, prevent constipation, flush away waste, and carry out all essential bodily functions. But excessive drinking can lead to water intoxication, which can be dangerous and have serious negative effects on one’s health. Here are 5 things that happen to your body when you drink too much water, according to WebMD and Healthline.

1. Too much water consumption can impair brain function, result in intoxication, or cause water toxicity. This happens when cells, particularly brain cells, contain an excessive amount of water, which causes them to grow. Pressure builds up in the brain as a result of swollen brain cells. You can start to feel groggy, worn out, and headachey.

If this pressure increases, it could cause bradycardia and hypertension (high blood pressure) (Low Heart Rate).

2. The electrolyte most affected by excessive hydration—sodium—is hyponatremia. Sodium is a crucial component that helps maintain the proper flow of fluids into and out of cells. Cells receive fluids when their levels drop as a result of the body’s high water content. When the cells swell, you run the risk of having seizures, going into a coma, or even passing away.

3. Urinating more frequently than usual is a further sign. You should urinate six to eight times daily on average. High performers who regularly drink water or who use coffee or alcohol often go up to ten times.

4. One of the best ways to determine if you’re drinking enough water is to check the color of your urine. Your body’s hue changes from light yellow to tea-colored as a result of the interaction between the urochrome pigment and the water content.

5. Weak muscles prone to cramping. Your physiological equilibrium declines when electrolyte levels fall as a result of drinking too much water. Muscle cramps and spasms can be brought on by low electrolyte levels in the body.

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